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Report #078

November 28, 2004

Joseph P. Skipper


J. P. Skipper can be contacted at

Some believe that biological organic life as we know it cannot exist of Mars due to hostile conditions. However, survival is sometimes a function of the organism's abilities and not necessarily dictated by the severity of the conditions. It is organism survival ability in environmental extremes that we will explore by example in this short report by exploring one particular Earth organism as seen above.

The official position is that Mars is suppose to be freezing cold with temperature extremes as low as –225º F. (–143º C.), a over 95% Carbon Dioxide (CO2) atmosphere with only trace amounts of oxygen, no liquid surface water, and extremely dry dusty conditions. As many of you know from my previous reports based on evidence drawn directly from the official science data, certain evidence does not agree with this position and, in fact, it has prompted suspicion that the essential parts of it are intentionally fabricated by a secrecy agenda in control of the USA space programs.

However, even if truth fell somewhere in between the official position and this new contrary evidence, I think you should be aware that some organisms known right here on Earth possess survival methodologies that allow them to survive some very severe extremes and a wide variety of environments. That nice pleasant looking critter you see in the above first frontal view image is an example of one of them. He is known innocently enough as a "Water Bear." As you can see, he certainly doesn't look like a Teddy Bear and I don't think we would want to cuddle him, even if we could.

Fortunately for us, this little creature can only be seen under a microscope and it normally confines its eating habits to plant material. It is one of those life forms on Earth that we do not know much about simply because it is generally unknown, even though it plentiful and exists everywhere on Earth, and few have studied it. Even so, we do have enough information on it to begin to understand that this creature is one hell of a survivor. In fact, so much so that the potential is there that this life form could have come to our planet from space.

That from space potential is the another reason for this report because this creature or something similar to it could survive on even a extreme Mars environment scenario. Never underestimate life! It is stubborn and always seems to find a way.

This incredible creature requires immersion in H20 water for active moving around life, so it is an aquatic life form in that sense even though the water may only be a tiny drop or a thin layer of moisture. It has a thick cylindrical segmented body tapering abruptly at the front and rear ends and it crawls around on its 3-4 leg pairs in a pawing bear like motion. It is this stubby look and pawing motion that resulted in it being named a Water Bear. Primarily most of its 800+ species cuts into plant material like mosses or lichens and sucks its juices but a few do eat other tiny life forms and/or feed on animal fluids as well.

The species, also known as Tardigrades in the Phylum Tardigrada, exists in both fresh and salt water marine environments as well as forest environments and in human habitats as well. In fact, they are found in almost every Earth environment around the World from tropical forests to the Antarctic and deep within ice to the deepest ocean and the highest mountain to hot springs and desert sands. Sexual reproduction normally occurs via both males and females but some species are hermaphrodite with only females present reproducing asexually.

They are ancient survivors known to date back at least as far as the Cambrian period some 530 millions years ago and some evidence suggests back even further before continental separation and drift. The largest grow to about 1 mm in size but many are much smaller. They do not have circulatory and respiratory systems and the excretory system may also not exist. Their eggs are light enough to be distributed by winds or other animals for great distances including possibly via the upper atmosphere.


However, if those above mentioned adaptation methodologies are not enough to insure survival, Water Bears are able to suspend their metabolism and effectively isolate themselves from extreme and severe environmental changes and may be able to remain in this state indefinitely and then successfully revive from it. Further, this process can be repeated multiple times as needed.

This state is known as "cryptobiosis." The Water Bear draws in its legs, contract its segments, and curls up and this is also known as formation of a "Tun." In the Tun cryptobiosis state, metabolism can lower to an incredible less than .01% of normal and be literally undetectable. Such a state in any other creature is associated with a permanent state of death. In the driest conditions, water content can incredibly lower to less than 1%. Anything approaching even a small amount of such changes would be instantly lethal to any other life form. The adult Tun is also light enough to be carried aloft and distributed by the wind.

Additionally, Water Bears have survived being heated to 150º C. and frozen to –272.8º C. (absolute zero) where free molecular vibration cannot even occur and therefore where no metabolism can exist. Compare that coldest Water Bear survival temperature to the coldest temperature allegedly recorded on Mars of a mere –143º C. While in the cryptobiosis Tun state, they have also survived radiation to 570,000 Roentgens. Compare that to the mere 500 Roentgens that would be lethal to humans. Water Bears are also resistant to many chemicals, boiling alcohol, pressures six times greater than at the bottom of the deepest ocean, and a vacuum like that in outer space, etc. Hello! Vacuum! Outer space! Now you see where we are going with this.


With such a list of extreme survival attributes, it becomes apparent that this little incredibly tough, adaptive and survival oriented critter could have ridden to the Earth as a full adult in its Tun form (not just as an egg) in any space traveling body (comet, asteroid, etc.) that could have survived to impact the Earth's surface. In other words, it is clearly within the realm of possibility that this creature may not even be originally native to Earth.

Once that possibility is digested, it then becomes equally apparent that this species or an earlier ancestor form could have also been delivered to sister planet Mars as well by the same method and could survive there. The thinner atmosphere of Mars would have even let much more of space traveling objects through intact to the surface than the Earth's thick resistive atmospheric envelope providing so much friction and heat to an object passing through it at speed. In fact, this life form evolving such severe environment adaptive methods of functioning on a planet like Earth with more favorable environments almost demands the consideration of extraterrestrial origins where conditions were more extreme than historically here on Earth and which may have spurred the development of such extreme survival functions.

Now I am not saying that this is the organism in the Mars water that I have reported on that gives it a dark tint. In fact, I do not think that this is the case. However, the point I'm trying to make in this report is that there are some very tough, adaptive and survival oriented life out there that can survive in some very severe extremes. The Water Bear life form here on Earth examined here is an excellent example of that fact and principle in action. Life's individual parts may be vulnerable survival wise but, in its collective whole, life is very tough and very hard to extinguish and can get cranked up on the slimmest of margins.

So, when anyone tells you that there is no life on Mars, my suggestion is to take that with a serious grain of salt and not bet on it even if you are one who accepts the official very hostile Mars environment scenario. Just thought you might like to know.

Joseph P. Skipper, Investigator


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